General country information

note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 that followed a Greek junta-supported coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which is recognized only by Turkey
9250 km2
792604 (July 2008 est.) / 85/km2
Euro (EUR) currency converter
$ 27400 (2007 est.)
0.903 (2005)
Greek, Turkish, English
Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
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