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Asmara
transitional government
note: following a successful referendum on independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea on 23-25 April 1993, a National Assembly, composed entirely of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice or PFDJ, was established as a transitional legislature; a Constitutional Commission was also established to draft a constitution; ISAIAS Afworki was elected president by the transitional legislature; the constitution, ratified in May 1997, did not enter into effect, pending parliamentary and presidential elections; parliamentary elections were scheduled in December 2001, but were postponed indefinitely; currently the sole legal party is the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)
121320 km2
5502026 (July 2008 est.) / 45/km2
Nakfa (ERN) currency converter
$ 800 (2007 est.)
0.483 (2005)
Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
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