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Astana
republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
2717300 km2
15340533 (July 2008 est.) / 5/km2
Tenge (KZT) currency converter
$ 11100 (2007 est.)
0.794 (2005)
Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
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